16 Most Common Questions Of Cisco SFP-10G-SR You Need To Know
2017-08-14
Today, 10G fiber network has been common in the telecommunications network, 10G switches are widely used by users. According to statistics, Cisco switch is the most common one. If you are using a Cisco switch, you need to choose a Cisco compatible optical module, such as an SFP optical module, an SFP + optical module. If you do not know how to choose the Cisco SFP + SR module, please read the following sixteenth common questions, that will help you. In order to write this article, I looked through Cisco Forum, Amazon, Quora and other Q & A platform to collect the user's problem data, and summarize common questions as below: 
16 Most Common Questions Of Cisco SFP-10G-SR You Need To Know
1. What Is Difference Between Cisco SFP+SR And Other Cisco 10G Optical Modules?

As for Cisco 10G Optical Transceivers, according to different package and transmission distance, there are many different models. Even the same Cisco SFP+SR transceiver has a variety of models.Please check their difference in the following table:


2. What's the difference between SFP-10G-SR and SFP-10G-LR?

10GBase-SR and 10GBase-LR are two different 10 Gigabit Ethernet specifications. 
The "SR" in 10GBase-SR stands for "short range", which supports a shortwave 64B/66B (Wavelengths is 850nm) multimode fiber (MMF), the effective transmission distance of 2 ~ 300m. To support 300m transmission, it needs to use the optimized 50μm diameter OM3 (Optimized Multimode 3) fiber (no optimized diameter 50μm fiber called OM2 fiber, and the diameter of 62.5μm fiber called OM1 fiber). This specification has the lowest cost, lowest power consumption and the smallest fiber module and other advantages.
"LR" in 10GBase-LR refers to the "Long Range", which supports longwave (1310nm) single-mode fiber (SMF) with 64B / 66B encoding, with an effective transmission distance of 2m to 10km. In fact, it can reach 25km. this specification has small, low power consumption, long transmission distance etc. characteristics.

3. What's the difference between SFP-10G-SR and SFP-10G-SR-S?

As we know, SFP-10G-SR-S is Cisco Non-S-class optics, SFP-10G-SR is Cisco S-class optics.
According to Cisco, S-class optics are designed for enterprise and data center 10G and 40G applications (don’t scale down to 1GbE). This new set of optics does not have unnecessary features for these applications, so the Non-S-class optics cost more than the S-class’s.
Besides, S-class is Ethernet only, no OTN (Optical Transport Network) or WAN-PHY (Wide Area Network Physics). In addition, it is no TAA compliance for S-class. Thirdly, S-class and non-S-class optics are with different temperature ranges. Thus, if you are an enterprise or data center environment that doesn’t need any special long distance, temperature tolerances, or other special features, S-Class optics are cheaper and should be just fine for you.

4.What's the difference between SFP-10G-SR and SFP-10G-T?

Both of the SFP-10G-SR and SFP-10G-T are hot-pluggable with a managed soft-start and are interoperable with any SFP+ cage and connector system. However, they have total different performance when plugging into the 10G switches. SFP+ 10GBASE-T module uses the Cat6a cables for a link length of 30 m over RJ45 connectors. SFP+ SR operates over OM3 cables with a distance of 300m over LC connectors. 
Besides, 10G SFP+ transceivers are nowadays much cheaper than the newly released 10G copper module.

5.What's the difference between SFP-10G-SR and SFP-10G-LRM?

The "LRM" in 10GBase-LRM is short for "Long Reach Multimode"(Long distance extended multi-point mode), which is mainly used for long-distance multi-point connection mode. The corresponding standard is 2006 released IEEE 802.3aq, using 64B / 66B encoding.
The Cisco 10GBASE-LRM Module supports link lengths of 220m on standard Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI) grade Multimode Fiber (MMF), using 1310nm lasers.And also supports link lengths of 300m on standard Single-Mode Fiber (SMF, G.652).However, SR stands for Short Range, these Cisco 10G SR transceivers support link length of 300m over multimode fiber and use 850nm lasers.

6.What's the difference between SFP-10G-SR and X2-10G-SR?

Both SFP-10G-SR and X2-10G-SR support link length of 300m over multimode fiber and use 850nm lasers. But they are Cisco 10G two different package.SFP-10G-SR modules belong to SFP+ package and used in SFP+ slots. And X2-10G-SR modules belong to X2 package and used in X2 slots. 
Besides, Cisco 10GBASE-SR X2 optical transceiver is with dual SC connector, 10GBASE-SR SFP+ transceiver is with dual LC connector.

7.What's the difference between SFP-10G-SR and SFP-10G-ER?

Basically, ER stands for Extended Reach, and can achieve transmission distances of up to 40km over single-mode fiber. And use 1550nm lasers. cross-compatible. SR stands for Short Range, these transceivers support link length of 300m over multimode fiber and use 850nm lasers.

8.What's the difference between SFP-10G-SR and SFP-10G-ZR?

ZR also stands for Extended Reach which can transmit 10G data rate and 80km distance over single mode fiber and use 1550nm lasers. Actually, ZR is an unofficial format, which is not technically part of the IEEE 802.3ae standards for networking hardware. It pushes the range of single-mode ER fiber out to 80km. SR stands for Short Range, these transceivers support link length of 300m over multimode fiber and use 850nm lasers.

9.  What's the difference between SFP-10G-SR and SFP-10G-T-S?

SFP-10G-T-S is Cisco 10G copper modules, it has the same parameters with SFP-10G-T. The SFP+ 10GBASE-T module uses the Cat6a/Cat7 cables for a link length of 30 m over RJ45 connectors. SFP+ SR operates over OM3 cables with a distance of 300m over LC connectors. 

10.What does -X signify, as in SFP-10G-LR-X or SFP-10G-SR-X?

Whenever you see -X, that means it has extended the ability to operate under wider temperature variation, from -40°C to 85°C (-40°F to 365°F). There is no other significant difference from the standard versions, and no reason to use -X equipment unless you're operating in extreme temperatures.
By comparison, standard transceivers are generally restricted to operating temperatures from about 0°C to 70°C (32°F to 158°F).

11.Can we use SFP optical module in SFP+ slots?

We are often confused about the compatibility of SFP and SFP +, and we are puzzled that we do not know if we can use the SFP optical module in SFP + slots , the problem for many engineers is a headache. Actually, the SFP optical module can be inserted into the SFP + port in most cases.
As a rule of thumb, the SFP optical module can operate in the SFP + slot, but the SFP + optical module can’t run in the SFP slot. When you insert an SFP module on an SFP + port, the speed of this port is 1G instead of 10G. Sometimes this port will lock the speed at 1G until you reload the switch or do some commands. In addition, SFP + ports usually can’t support speeds below 1G. In other words, we can’t insert the 100BASE SFP optical module on the SFP + port. 
In fact, for this problem, it depends largely on the switch model, sometimes SFP in SFP + port support, sometimes not supported. For example, all SFP + ports of almost Cisco switches can support SFP optical modules, and many SFP + ports of Brocade switches only support SFP +. While it is often feasible, the information provided by the switch supplier is more secure.

12. How To Choose The Suitable Fiber Patch Cables For Cisco SFP-10G- SR transceiver?

As we know, according to the interface of Ethernet, the common used pluggable fiber patch cables include the three types: Copper cable, usually with RJ45; High-speed cables, such as Direct Attach cable and Active Optical Cable; LC, SC etc. fiber patch cables, used for the modules. As the following picture shows:
 the-common-used-pluggable-fiber-patch-cables

Besides, Cisco SFP-10G-SR is the 10GBASE-SR SFP+ transceiver module for MMF, 850-nm wavelength, LC duplex connector. So if you want to choose a right patch cable using between Cisco fiber optic transceiver SFP-10G-SR , you would require patch cable with LC-LC connector with MMF, 850-nm wavelength. In the same way, we could choose right fiber patch cable for our other transceivers. 

13. How are single-mode and multimode fiber different?

In fiber-optic communication, single-mode fiber (SMF) is for remote signal transmission. Light in the single-mode fiber is along the straight line to spread, no reflection, so its propagation distance is very far. 
Multimode fiber (MMF) is mainly used for short distance optical fiber communication, such as in buildings or on campus. Multimode fiber can carry multi-channel optical signal transmission.

14. Can Cisco SFP+ Transceivers Be Used In Other Brands Equipment? 

In order to save the cost, users always hope they buy one module and can use it in different brands equipment. So they often ask one similar question: Can I use Cisco transceivers in Huawei or HP switch? Obviously, the answer is NO.
As we know, Huawei, HP equipment, and Cisco SFP+ transceivers all have the special encryption. The switch verifies the key at runtime, if the SFP+ does not contain a valid key, the corresponding port will be shut down and the port will not be able to send or receive any packets until it has inserted a valid SFP+ module.
In fact, the original optical module is not the only choice for users, there are many third-party modules, which can be well compatible with Cisco equipment. Fiberland CZT-SFP+SR is not only compatible with Cisco SFP-10G-SR but also well compatible with other third-party optical transceivers. Under normal circumstances, the price of third-party optical module is more competitive than that of the original brand.
Fiberland has one-stop service for your network. All above fiber optical products can be found in our website. Welcome to contact us!

15. How to install and remove 10G SFP+ SR modules? And the related Precautions

Considering many new friends don’t know how to install and remove the optical modules, Fiberland shoots the relevant video as below for your reference:

Besides, in order to avoid some unnecessary problems, I listed the following precautions on installing and removing Cisco SFP-10G-SR modules:
1) Precautions for installing the SFP + optical module:
① The SFP + optical module and the XFP optical module have same data rates of 10G, but are not compatible with the same device. Therefore, do not install the SFP + optical module in the XFP slot. Make sure that the slot is an SFP + slot before installing;
② SFP + optical modules and SFP optical modules are similar in appearance, but their data rates and functions are not the same. Therefore, do not install the SFP + optical module in the SFP slot. Before installing or using the SFP + optical module, make sure that your switch and SFP + Optical modules can be compatible with each other;
③ Check that whether the SFP + optical module is the correct model for the network configuration;
④ Before installing the SFP + optical module, make sure it is clean and do not receive any contamination;
⑤ Fiber optic equipment can emit laser or infrared light that damages the eyes, so do not look at the fiber or connector port, you can assume that the fiber optic cable has been connected to the light source;
⑥ Always wear an antistatic wrist strap to prevent damage to the electrostatic discharge.
2) Precautions for removing the SFP + optical module:
① do not frequently pull out or insert the SFP module, otherwise, it may shorten the module's life;
② When removing the optical module, please pull out the rod, and then remove the optical module through the rod, forced to remove the optical module.
16. The summary of the problems encountered by the optical module at work

A man's life is not always smooth, there will always be problems. The same is true for optical modules. The problem is normal, we have to learn from the problem, then it will be improved. Today we come to summarize the problems encountered in the work of the optical module.
1) Compatibility (this is the most basic and most common)
Possible reasons: 
A fault occurred during import of the compatibility code
The software update of the device causes the original ungraded compatible code to fail to work

Coding errors
2) product packet loss

Possible reasons:

The electronic function of the optical module and the device does not match
The master chip and device do not match
Physical line failure
Equipment failure
Routing information error
3) Pollution and damage to optical port
As the optical interface pollution and damage caused by optical link loss becomes larger, resulting in optical links unreasonable.
The possible causes are:
Optical module optical port is exposed to the environment, dust enters the optical port and causes pollution.
The used optical fiber connector end face has been polluted, the optical port of optical module is secondary pollution.
The fiber optical connector with pigtail is misused, the end face is scratched and so on.
Use poor quality fiber optic connectors.

SFP+ module,SFP+ transceiver,bidi sfp,XFP module,XFP transceiver Which is good? First choice Fiberland!Thanks for your concern, to learn more about Fiberland, please enter Fiberland website: http://www.fiberlandtec.com/
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